This community is the county seat; it began as a way-station on the Union Pacific Railroad line built between Denver and Kansas City in the 1860s. An integral part of its history is found in the Fossil and History Museum, listed among the 25 Great Museums in the United States. Fossils dug by the renowned paleontologist George F. Sternberg are among the many displays.
Rising majestically from the seemingly flat prairie, just 25 miles south of this community are the Monument Rocks, the first national natural landmark in Kansas. These wind-carved, water-eroded chalk formations are sediment remains of ancient marine life up to 200 million years old. Many of the sharks teeth and fossils in the Museum were found around this area. Community highlights include a community pool, parks, country club and golf course, library, theatre, restaurant, banks, churches, county fair, 4H activities, and museums.